Comparison of temperatures
Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean, south of India.
Form of government:
unitary presidential republic with a parliamentary democracy. The head of state is Maithripala Sirisena. He was directly elected as executive president (as head of both government and state) for 6 years at the early presidential elections on 8 January 2015. He started his term on 9 January 2015. The prime minister (also a representative of the head of state) is Ranil Wickremesinghe (UNP).
official: Sri Jayewardenepura – Kotte (on the outskirts of Colombo, approx. 100,000 inhabitants) de facto: Colombo (Population 2001: City 637,865, District 2.32 million)
70.2% Buddhist (Theravada – Buddhism), 12.6% Hindus, 9.7% Muslims, 7.4% Christians, 0.1% others
official languages are Singhalese and Tamil; English is the lingua franca.
tropical, hot and humid. Milder in higher altitudes and closer to the coast.
230 V, 50 Hz. Three-pole circular plug. An adapter is required.
The difference between local time and GMT is +5:30 in relation to standard time (during the winter). As there is no changeover to summer time, the time difference during the summer is +4:30 hours.
the dialing code 0044 (+44) needs to be added to make calls to the UK. The dialing code 0094 (+94) needs to be added when calling Sri Lanka from the UK.
General travel information:
Conduct that could be deemed to be irreverent will be punished by the police, for example, by several days of incarceration. To avoid offending the religious sensitivities of the Buddhist community, religious sites, objects and symbols should be treated with respect and caution. This is particularly pertinent in relation to taking photographs. For example, visitors have been banned from taking photos with their backs to a Buddha statue or to climb upon a Buddha statue. Appropriate clothing is to be observed when entering a Buddhist temple (temples may only be entered with covered shoulders and with trousers and skirts that extend beyond the knees). Items of clothing or tattoos with Buddhist motifs should not be display publicly under any circumstances as they can be regarded as a disparagement of Buddhism. Complaints relating to cases of fraud when purchasing goods such as jewellery are becoming more frequent. Furthermore, there are complaints time and again from tourists that herbs, spices and cosmetic products in spice and herbal gardens are sold for exorbitant prices. In the main tourist regions along the southwest coast, Sri Lanka has specific tourist police stations where incidents can be reported.
Entry requirements for British citizens:
British citizens require a visa to travel to Sri Lanka. This can be requested online via the Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) http://www.eta.gov.lk/slvisa/. The visa can also be requested from the British High Commission of Sri Lanka in London. Tourist visas are limited to 30 days from the date of arrival. Although it is possible to obtain a visa upon arrival in Sri Lanka, we do not advise this since it can delay the arrival process. For the latest visa requirements, visit http://www.srilankanhighcommission.co.uk. We recommend taking a copy of the ETA approval with you when you travel. Please note that staying in the country without a valid visa is a criminal offence and punishment varies from fines to prison and deportation. Your passport must be valid for 6 months from the date of your arrival in Sri Lanka. Citizens of other countries are requested to contact the British High Commission in London to find out the entry requirements applicable to them. Whilst we endeavour to provide guidance where necessary, we can not be responsible for any problems encountered (whether at any point of entry or elsewhere) in the event that passport and visa requirements are not satisfied.
Your expert tour guides will be able to provide you with detailed information about the country, people, history, culture, etc., and offer advice and assistance for organising your trip. They can also help with room allocation and look forward to welcoming you with initial information and a welcoming drink. Here you will find out all you need to know and useful information about the trip. We have put together a varied programme including numerous highlights, enabling you to experience the culture and diversity of landscape that Sri Lanka has to offer, and learn all about the country and its people. Although your trip already includes a comprehensive package, you also have the option of choosing added extras on arrival. We recommend booking the following packages when you get there, as some hotels on the tour are situated out of town in idyllic countryside, which means you can benefit from special rates
“Gourmet” comfort package: The package includes comfortable half board, i.e. sumptuous evening meals featuring traditional and international dishes: only £ 180 per person.
“Explorer” cultural package: The package includes the three excursions to the “UNESCO world heritage site of Polonnaruwa”, “Panoramic train journey through the highlands of Sri Lanka” and the “Safari in Udawalawe National Park” for only £ 179 per person.
currency: Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR). Exchange rate (october 2017) 1 Pound (GBP) = 203.69 Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR); 1 Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR) = 0.0047 Pounds (GBP).
Banks/credit cards: ATMs that accept British credit cards with PIN are widely available. It is however advisable to notify your bank in advance about your intended trip to prevent transactions being blocked in principle due to suspicion of card misuse. To prepay for potential hospital or doctor costs, it is often necessary to present a credit card even if valid overseas health insurance exists. You should therefore always carry your credit card with you. V-Pay cards cannot be used in Sri Lanka. There are ofte difficulties when redeeming American Express Traveller Cheques as many banks refuse to accept them. In Sri Lanka, there are often cases of credit card fraud. It is therefore advisable to use cash for the majority of your purchases.
It is not permitted to import foreign tobacco goods. It is forbidden to import goods that are manufactured from protected animal and plant species. The export of antique goods (all objects older than 50 years) requires official authorization. It is strictly forbidden to import and export weapons and drugs. More extensive customs information about importing goods can be obtained from the embassy of the country you wish to enter. Only the embassy can provide you with legally binding information. You can view the customs regulations for the UK at the following website: www.gov.uk/duty-free-goods.
Specific provisions pertaining to criminal law:
the law of Sri Lanka, particularly the criminal law, is also to be observed by foreign tourists in its entirety. Express attention is to be drawn to the provisions for the import and export of foreign currencies, impermissible possession of drugs and weapons as well as sexual offences. Sexual abuse of children (Sexual Offences Act 2003 Section 9) can also be punished in the UK even if the offence was committed abroad. It is forbidden to be photographed with your back to a Buddha statue. Disrespectful photos of religious motifs may result in severe penalties or even imprisonment. It is also forbidden to take photographs of military sites. The practice of male and female homosexuality is punishable in Sri Lanka. In practice, cases of homosexuality among adults almost never results in criminal proceedings.
Vaccination: persons aged over one year must provide evidence of a valid yellow fever vaccination if they have stayed in a country with an increased yellow fever risk within 9 days of entering the country (www.who.int). No vaccination provisions exist for travellers who have only stayed in the UK prior to their trip. However, the Foreign Office recommends having standard vaccinations checked and completed in accordance with the current vaccination schedule recommended by the NHS (see http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/vaccinations/pages/vaccination-schedule-age-checklist.aspx) if a trip is to be made. With regard to adults, this includes vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough); if necessary, vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) and against influenza (flu) and pneumococci. Prior to a trip, seek advice from a tropical medicine advisory body, a tropical medicine expert or from a doctor specialising in travel medicine and adapt your vaccinations even if you already have experience of travelling in the tropics (see for example http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Travel-immunisation/Pages/Introduction.aspx).
Malaria: Malaria is declining rapidly in Sri Lanka. Only isolated cases in the north and east of the country are still being reported. In this regard, it primarily involves the seldom life-threatening malaria tertian caused by plasmodium. Malaria is transmitted by being bitten by the bloodsucking, nocturnal Anophelese mosquito. Sufficient protection against mosquitoes (exposure prophylaxis), particularly at night and dusk, is the most important protection against malaria.
• Wearing long, bright, insect-proof clothing outdoors,
• Thorough rubbing of all skin with a suitable repellent
• Using an impermeable mosquito net at night or
• Spending time in rooms protected against mosquitoes
(fly screens, air conditioning units) significantly reduces the risk of transmission and also protects other infections transmitted by mosquitoes such as dengue fever and Japanese encephalitis. Taking medicine (chemoprophylaxis) as a preventative measure is not recommended (http://www.dtg.org) and is only to be considered in exceptional cases. Bring along a prescribed anti-malarial drug can be considered as the stated emergency therapy. The individual selection of medicine and potential side effects, as well as incompatibility with other medicines, must be discussed with a doctor specialising in travel or tropical medicine prior to departure and according to the travel schedule and personal circumstances. If fever occurs following a stay in Sri Lanka it is always imperative to visit a doctor immediately and make it expressly that a stay in a malaria region has taken place. Further information can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/foreign-commonwealth-office. Diarrhoea and intestinal disorders: Diarrhoea-related illnesses are frequent all year in all areas of the country. Tap water, even in the cities, is not of drinking water quality. It is recommended that only originally packaged drinks in bottles or cans be consumed or that water be boiled thoroughly, filtered or chemically disinfected prior to consumption. Outside of the cities, only drinking water should be used to wash fruit and vegetables or to brush teeth. Raw and unpeeled products should not be consumed. Meat, fish and seafood should also only be consumed if it is properly cooked through. There is an infection risk for salmonella, shigellosis and typhoid, amoebas, lambliasis and echinococcosis throughout the country. General hygiene measures such as regular hand washing or hand disinfection after visiting the toilet and prior to eating as well as keeping flies away from food can reduce the risk of infection. Geographic and climate-related illnesses: due to proximity to the equator, it is imperative to ensure good sun protection and sufficient consumption of fluids particularly in relation to children and older people. Dangerous currents lead to tragic cases of drowning time and again: relevant warnings are to be adhered to on the beaches. Alcohol should not be consumed when bathing or swimming. Children should never be allowed to play on the beaches without supervision.
Ayurveda: specialist medical literature regularly makes references to arsenic and heavy metal poisoning caused by ayurvedic medicine. The media also reports on isolated cases from Sri Lanka. It is strongly advised, as a matter of urgency, that no uncertified ayurvedic medicine be taken during any ayurvedic treatment and it is to be ensured that no arsenic or heavy metals are present as active agents. Please observe that the excursions are accessible by foot only and that the buses used for the roundtrip are not customised to transport wheelchairs or similar devices. The customer is to ensure that his/her physical and mental state is reconcilable with the selected trip. He/she is to find out about the physical mobility and mental autonomy associated with this trip.
medical care in the big cities and tourist centres is adequate to good but does not meet European standards in all areas. In Colombo, medical care in specific fields is by all means of a high to a very high standard. It is strongly advisable to have adequate and valid health insurance coverage including provision for repatriation. It is recommended to those who are chronically ill and in need of treatment that they have a consultation with a doctor experienced in travel medicine well before their scheduled departure (https://www.uclh.nhs.uk/OurServices/ServiceA-Z/HTD/Pages/Home.aspx or http://www.thehtd.org/). Travellers who take medicine on a regular basis should take a sufficient amount with them to Sri Lanka and have a doctor attest to the necessity of such medicine in English for immigration purposes. The British Embassy in Colombo has a list of addresses for doctors and hospitals in the city in the event of an emergency.
All information is subject to change / Last updated: october 2017